Caves

Tafkos Cave

In the Depths of the Earth

Over 3,500 caves have been recorded on Crete since 1962, when the late eminent Eleftherios Platakis founded the local department of the Hellenic Speleological Society. Of those 3,500 caves only 850 have been explored.

However, during the last twenty years, the Cretan speleologists have been very active and fortunate at the same time.

Agios Antonios Cave

Agios Antonios - the cave of the saint

The cave of Agios Antonios near the village of Patsos also represents a place of dedication as has been proved by archaeological research. It was used as an important centre of worship from the Late Minoan up until the Roman period.

Sfentoni Cave

Sfendoni - the cave of stalactites & stalagmites

The cave of Sfendoni near the village of Zoniana in the district of Mylopotamos (47 km from Rethymnon in the direction of Perama - Axos) displays 14 halls, richly ornamented with stalactites and stalagmites.

Gerani Cave

Gerani - the cave of stalagmites

The Gerani cave displays magnificent stalagmites and boasts 6 halls. Apart from three human skeletons, archaeological research has brought to light a variety of bone and stone tools dating back to the Neolithic period.

Melidoni Cave

Melidoni cave - a place of worship

Excavation works, which continue in the cave of Melidoni, have proved that the cave was used as a central place of worship from the early Neolithic age up until the Roman period. An inscription gives evidence of the fact that Hermes was worshiped in this cave.

Lasithi Caves

The caves of Lassithi

In the surrounding country side of Lasithi there are several caves of archaeological interest, one of which is the Trapeza cave or cave of Cronos at a height of 90 m above the plain, and the other is the Diktaeon Andron or cave of Zeus (also King Minos, the son of Zeus and Europe was born).

Rethymnon Caves

Rethymnon - the Prefecture of Caves

The mountains of the Rethymnon prefecture are exceptionally rich in caves, there being some 850 in all. Many of these caves are of particular archaeological and historical interest or even just of natural beauty.