History

The Minoans

The Minoans - the People Who Loved the Sea

In Heraklion's Archaeological Museum you are presented with tantalizing fragments left by the Minoans, a civilization so truly ancient, (from circa 2000 - 1450 BC) that you feel, along with the rest of what comprises the 21st century, like a very brash and ignorant newcomer to this planet.

In the upstairs rooms the walls are covered with large frescoes.

Cretan Legends & Myths

Crete - Home of Legends & Myths

Being the birthplace of Zeus, father of the gods, home to one of the greatest civilizations, the Minoan, and the target of many conquerors, Crete offers an abundance of myths, legends and history.

Icarus Fallen

There is substantial mythology about Crete.

Paleokastro

The archaeological site of Paleokastro

At the northernmost edge of the Cretan east coast near Paleokastro lie the ruins of a settlement which flourished during the Late Minoan period (1550-1220 B.C.). Its name remains unknown.

At the same site, however, remains of the Early and Middle Minoan periods (3000-1550 B.C.), mostly cemeteries with well-built ossuaries, and ruins of spacious houses are preserved.

Itanos

The archaeological site of Itanos

The remains of ancient Itanos are located close to the Palm Forest of Vai in an area nowadays known as Erimoupoli. Ancient Itanos was an important city-state – Crete’s easternmost.

Toplou Ecclesiastical Museum

the ecclesiastical museum of moni toplou

On show at the museum and in the katholicon are treasures salvaged by monks over the monastery’s long history.

Of particular interest is the monastery’s collection of rare icons, especially Christ Pantocrator (Christ the Almighty), a work attributed to the 15th century icon painter Andreas Ritzos, and works by Ioannis Kornaros.

Toplou Monastery

the monastery of toplou

The Toplou Monastery is one of Crete’s largest, most historic and richest monasteries. Details of its foundation remain unknown but the monastery’s oldest frescoes, in the Catholic section, have been dated to the 14th century.

Archaeological Museum of Sitia

The Archaeological Museum of Sitia

The museum was inaugurated in 1984 with the objective of housing regional finds. All items are exhibited in one room, which is divided into four thematic sections. Accompanying texts are provided in five languages. Interspersed among the display cases and in the museum’s entrance hall are Minoan sarcophagi from the cemeteries excavated in the Sitia area. The courtyard also has sections of buildings.