traditional cretan costumes
Up to today the famous Cretan costume is still worn in several villages as men's everyday wear, as well as being worn as formal wear by men and women on the occasion of traditional celebrations.
The multifarious designs display a combination of the arts of weaving and embroidering.
A specialised tailor sews the men's costume, which first appeared during the 16th century and includes the so-called "sariki", a crocheted black scarf, which is wrapped around the head, as well as the "stivania", the boots belonging to the costume.
The formal costume was richly embroidered in dark blue or black colours and always included the silver knife and the scarf.
Women's traditional costume was introduced during the last 25 years of the 16th century.
It appeared in two variations, the "Sfakiani", that is the costume worn in the area of Sfakia, which later became the official costume of the entire island, and the "Anogiani", which was designed later, approximately in the middle of the 17th century and was mainly worn in the area of Anogia, in the province of Mylopotamos.